Involuntary contractions

People who suffer from an overactive bladder have a detrusor muscle (a muscle in the bladder) that contracts:

 -Suddenly (without warning).

-Erratically (with or without a full bladder). 

-Involuntarily (difficult to control).

-More often that it should (Urination with a half-full or less than half-full bladder).

Why does this happen?

The detrusor muscle (bladder) follows signals that are not coordinated with the bladder/nerves/brain, provoking immediate contraction upon receiving them, including when the bladder isn’t completely full, thereby voiding the patient’s voluntary control.

When your bladder contracts, you feel an intense urge to urinate and immediately need to go to the bathroom. If you’re not able to go to the bathroom, the bladder empties itself. If you’ve not made it to the bathroom on time, your clothing may get wet due to loss of urine.

Why does this change occur?

Why are the signals between the brain and the bladder interrupted?

Overactive bladder/urinary incontinence is a syndrome and is therefore considered a set of symptoms. There are many theories as to its origin. Despite recognising that there’s a failure in the nerve connections between the bladder and the brain, the exact mechanisms have not yet been discovered.

Treatment for this syndrome attempts to restore the mechanisms that could have failed, including the nerve function of the bladder, which is one of the fundamental pillars of the treatment.

5 myths about overactive bladder

1. Only old women suffer from it.

women who suffer from it are aged between 18 and 40.

As we age, it’s true that these symptoms are more common, however, 20% of women who suffer from an overactive bladder are aged between 18 and 40.

2. KEGEL exercises won’t help me

They are 100% useful for patients with symptoms of an overactive bladder/urge incontinence.

While they tend to be used to help prevent leakage, they can also be useful for patients with symptoms of an overactive bladder/urge incontinence in order to help relax the bladder and control leakage.

3. If I have an overactive bladder, I should have a lower fluid intake.

Ideal fluid intake: 8 glasses of fluids a day.

By reducing fluid intake, this only makes the situation worse, due to the fact that the urine will be more concentrated and will cause the bladder mucosa more irritation. It’s ideal to ingest 8 glasses of fluids a day.

4. If I pass urine when I cough or sneeze, I must have an overactive bladder.

0kind of incontinence.
There are two types of incontinence and multiple causes that can be combined.

The incontinence that develops during the urge to urinate is called urge incontinence and requires a different treatment to stress incontinence.

5. These symptoms are normal.

80% > 40 suffer from these symptoms which are linked to a loss of bladder control.

It’s frequent to suffer from these symptoms after you’ve reached a certain age, but is not normal and It’s not necessary to put up with these symptoms . it’s possible to treat them, improve them and sometimes even cure them.