▪ Sexual desire dysfunction:
This is possibly the most frequent female sexual dysfunction. Approximately 30% of all women suffer from it during at least one period of their lives: pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, menopause or during times of crisis. Surgical procedures, hormonal disturbances and certain diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and depression can lead to a lack of sexual desire, as well as changes in methods of contraception, tiredness, stress, mood swings, obesity, negative body image, unstable relationships with a partner, past traumatic sexual episodes and an excessive consumption of alcoholic drinks and drugs, amongst other causes.
▪ Sexual arousal dysfunction:
Sexual arousal is primarily a vascular reaction. Factors that interfere with the flow of blood or nerve endings in the genital area, particularly the clitoris and vagina, can cause these types of disorders. Childbirth, prolapse, surgery, diabetes, heart disease or atherosclerosis and spinal injuries may also interfere with the messages that are sent from the genital organs to the brain.
Lack of interest in poor or inadequate stimulation may also explain this circumstance. Certain hormonal states, such as menopause or bilateral oophorectomy, also cause a decrease in blood testosterone levels.